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Types of Companies in France

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France offers a diverse and flexible business environment, allowing entrepreneurs to choose from several types of companies when incorporating their business. Understanding these legal structures is crucial for making informed decisions tailored to the nature of the business. Here's a guide to the main types of companies that can be incorporated in France:

1. Sole Proprietorship (Entreprise Individuelle)

A sole proprietorship is the simplest form of business in France. It involves a single individual conducting business activities. While it offers straightforward management, the owner has unlimited personal liability for the business's debts.

2. SARL (Société à Responsabilité Limitée)

The SARL is a popular choice for small to medium-sized businesses. It's a limited liability company where the liability of shareholders is limited to their contributions. This structure provides a balance between simplicity and liability protection.

3. SAS (Société par Actions Simplifiée)

The SAS is a flexible form suitable for small to large businesses. It offers a customizable governance structure, making it attractive for companies with complex ownership arrangements. Shareholders' liability is limited to their contributions.

4. SA (Société Anonyme)

The SA is a public limited company suitable for larger enterprises planning to go public. It allows for a broad base of shareholders and is subject to more rigorous regulatory requirements. Shareholders' liability is limited to their contributions.

5. Micro-Enterprise (Micro-Entreprise)

Micro-enterprises are small businesses benefiting from a simplified tax and accounting regime. Entrepreneurs with limited turnover can opt for this structure, enjoying reduced administrative burdens and simplified tax calculations.

6. EURL (Entreprise Unipersonnelle à Responsabilité Limitée)

An EURL is a single-member limited liability company. It is similar to the SARL but with a single shareholder. This structure provides liability protection for the owner while allowing for the simplicity of a sole proprietorship.


Choosing the right type of company structure in France is a critical step for any entrepreneur. Each structure comes with its advantages and considerations. It's advisable to consult with legal and financial professionals to determine the most suitable option based on the business's size, nature, and long-term goals.

For more information about incorporating a company in France, consult with legal professionals and refer to official government resources.